What are communication skills?

17 April 2024

Effective communication skills enable individuals to comprehend and convey information clearly to others. These skills encompass various aspects such as articulating ideas clearly, maintaining a friendly and confident demeanor, acknowledging and respecting diverse perspectives, and effectively speaking in public settings. Enhancing your communication skills can significantly contribute to your professional growth and advancement in the workplace. In this article, we explore the definition of communication skills and provide guidance on how you can enhance your own.

What are communication skills?

Communication skills are utilized when exchanging various types of information, whether through written, spoken, typed, or body language channels. These skills are essential for effectively conveying ideas, emotions, and situational awareness. They encompass listening, speaking, observing, and empathizing, and are crucial whether communicating face-to-face, via video calls, or through written correspondence such as letters and emails.

Examples of Communication Skills

Proficiency in various communication skills is essential for professional success. Consistent practice fosters effective and confident communication. Many of these skills complement each other, underscoring the importance of practicing them whenever possible, whether at work, at home, or during interactions with friends or colleagues. Here are key skills to consider:

  • Active listening
  • Adapting communication style to the audience
  • Friendliness
  • Confidence
  • Giving and receiving feedback
  • Speaking with appropriate volume and clarity
  • Empathy
  • Respect
  • Understanding body language
  • Responsiveness

Active Listening

Active listening involves giving full attention to the speaker and demonstrating genuine interest in what they are saying. Effective active listeners often earn the respect of their colleagues, as they appreciate the attentive focus given to their words. This can lead to reciprocal attention and engagement from others. Although seemingly straightforward, active listening is a skill that requires practice and refinement. To become an active listener, concentrate on the speaker, eliminate distractions, and engage by asking relevant questions, providing comments, or contributing ideas related to the conversation.

Adapting Your Communication Style to Your Audience

Effective communication entails adjusting your communication approach to suit the specific context and audience. It is essential to discern when and how to employ various communication styles. Consider the preferences and expectations of your audience and tailor your communication accordingly.

For instance, when communicating with a potential employer, it may be more appropriate to initiate contact via email rather than showing up unannounced at their workplace. Alternatively, sending a formal letter through postal mail might be the preferred mode of communication. In a professional setting, you may find that conveying complex information is more effective in person or via video conference rather than through lengthy, densely written emails.


Just as honesty and trustworthiness are crucial in friendships, they are equally important in workplace relationships. When collaborating with colleagues, maintaining a positive and approachable demeanor is key. Foster an open-minded attitude and strive to comprehend your colleagues' perspectives and opinions. Simple gestures such as inquiring about someone's well-being, smiling while conversing, or acknowledging commendable work can foster positive relationships with both peers and supervisors.


Confidence is an attractive quality that garners attention and respect in the workplace. Individuals are more inclined to respond positively to ideas presented by confident speakers. There are numerous ways to exude confidence, such as making eye contact while speaking, maintaining good posture, and preparing thoroughly to articulate your thoughts clearly and handle any inquiries effectively. This preparation helps prevent feeling flustered and ensures you convey confidence in your communication.

Offering and Receiving Feedback

Effective communicators possess the ability to both offer and accept constructive feedback gracefully, viewing it as an opportunity for growth rather than a personal attack. Feedback should always focus on the task or behavior in question and should never be directed at the individual. It is equally important to provide feedback to others in a constructive manner, emphasizing the issues at hand and offering potential solutions for improvement.

Volume and Clarity

Ensuring clarity and audibility in your speech is essential for effective communication. This doesn't necessarily entail speaking loudly; rather, it involves adjusting your voice to suit the context. Being able to modulate your speaking volume enables you to be heard clearly in various environments. This skill is crucial for effective communication, as speaking too loudly may be perceived as disrespectful or overbearing, while speaking too softly can lead to disengagement from the conversation. It's important to gauge the communication style of others in the room to ensure your message is conveyed appropriately.


Empathy entails the ability to comprehend and share the emotions of others. For instance, when someone expresses anger or frustration, empathy enables you to acknowledge and defuse their emotions effectively. Similarly, recognizing when others are feeling positive and enthusiastic allows you to garner support for your ideas and initiatives.


Respect involves knowing when to actively participate in discussions. In team or group settings, allowing others to express themselves without interruption is considered essential and demonstrates respect for their viewpoints. Additionally, respectful communication entails making the most of your interactions with others by staying focused on the topic, asking clear questions, and providing thorough responses to any inquiries posed to you.

Understanding Body Language

A significant portion of communication occurs through nonverbal cues, including facial expressions, eye contact, and posture. When engaging in conversation, it's important to not only listen to what someone is saying but also to observe their nonverbal signals. Avoid slouching or fidgeting, and instead, focus on giving the speaker your undivided attention. Similarly, be mindful of your own body language to ensure you convey appropriate cues to others during communication.


Being prompt in your communication, whether it's returning a phone call or responding to an email, is often perceived as a hallmark of effectiveness. Consider the urgency of the communication and aim to respond promptly. If you can address it immediately, do so. Otherwise, communicate a timeframe for your response and follow through accordingly. Providing a clear timeline for your response is also viewed positively.

Improving Your Communication Skills

Enhancing your communication skills is achievable through experience and deliberate practice. Begin by identifying your strengths and areas for improvement, and then focus on developing those skills:

  1. Seek feedback from someone you trust to evaluate your communication skills. Understanding your areas of improvement can provide valuable insight into where to concentrate your efforts.
  2. Practice refining your communication habits. Many communication skills are developed through habitual practice, so seize opportunities to utilize them whenever possible.
  3. Consider enrolling in workshops or courses designed to enhance communication skills. These can be conducted online or in group settings at educational institutions.
  4. Explore opportunities, both in professional and personal settings, to practice and hone your communication skills. Engaging in diverse communication scenarios allows for practical application and skill development.

Communication skills in the workplace

Achieving effective communication in the workplace involves several key strategies:

  • Clarity and Conciseness: Ensure your messages are clear and concise to minimize misunderstandings and expedite project completion. Offer additional information only when necessary to avoid overwhelming your audience.
  • Practicing Empathy: Understanding your colleagues' emotions, perspectives, and objectives fosters trust and enhances communication effectiveness. Empathy enables you to connect with others on a deeper level and tailor your communication approach accordingly.
  • Assertiveness: Assertiveness is essential for advocating for your goals and boundaries, whether it involves requesting a raise or respectfully disagreeing with an idea. Assertive communication enables you to assert your needs while maintaining professionalism and mutual respect.
  • Calmness and Consistency: Maintain composure and consistency in your communication, especially during disagreements or conflicts. Avoid letting emotions dictate your interactions, and be mindful of your tone of voice and body language to convey professionalism and respect.
  • Body Language Awareness: Pay attention to nonverbal cues, such as body language and facial expressions, as they play a crucial role in workplace communication. Being able to interpret and utilize body language effectively enhances your communication skills and promotes better understanding among colleagues.

Enhancing Job Application Communication Skills

Effective communication skills play a vital role in job application materials. Your CV serves as a testament to your communication abilities. Ensure it is well-structured, error-free, and showcases your relevant experiences and achievements. Providing examples of successful communication instances further strengthens your candidacy, especially if the job requires specific communication skills. Craft a concise and well-written cover letter tailored to the position you're applying for. Avoid typos and spelling errors, and demonstrate your understanding of the role by highlighting relevant experiences and skills. Personalizing your cover letter shows your genuine interest and attention to detail.

Communication skills for the job interview

During interviews, active listening is key. Maintain good posture, make eye contact with the interviewers, and speak confidently and positively. Remember to smile and express enthusiasm while speaking. Communication extends beyond verbal interaction; it encompasses all aspects of professional and personal conduct. By recognizing your strengths and weaknesses and consistently honing good communication habits, you can enhance your ability to connect effectively with others both in the workplace and in everyday life.