How Much Does an Underwater Welder Make? Salary and Skills Explained

22 February 2024


Are you intrigued by the idea of combining welding skills with underwater exploration? If so, a career in underwater welding might be the perfect fit for you. Not only does this profession offer a unique blend of technical expertise and adventure, but it also comes with the potential for a lucrative salary. In this article, we will delve into the world of underwater welding in the United Kingdom, exploring the skills required, training needed, average salaries, factors influencing pay, job outlook, and expert insights on the earning potential in this exciting field.

What is underwater welding?

Underwater welding is a unique and challenging profession that involves welding in a submerged environment, typically underwater. This specialized type of welding is crucial for various industries such as offshore construction, underwater repairs, and marine salvage operations. It requires a high level of skill, precision, and expertise to perform welding tasks successfully in underwater conditions.

There are two primary types of underwater welding: wet welding and dry welding. Wet welding, also known as underwater wet welding, is performed directly in the water, with the welder and the welding equipment submerged. On the other hand, dry welding involves welding in a hyperbaric chamber or a specially constructed environment where the welder is dry and separated from the water.

Underwater welding plays a vital role in maintaining and repairing structures such as ships, offshore platforms, pipelines, and dams. It requires welders to possess a combination of welding skills, technical knowledge, and the ability to work effectively in challenging underwater conditions.

Key Points:

  • Unique profession involving welding in submerged environments
  • Crucial for industries like offshore construction and marine salvage
  • Two primary types: wet welding and dry welding
  • Used for maintaining and repairing underwater structures

Skills required for underwater welding

Underwater welding is a specialized field that requires a unique set of skills due to the challenging working environment. To become a successful underwater welder, individuals need to possess a combination of technical expertise, physical capabilities, and specific underwater-related skills.

Technical Skills:

1. Welding Proficiency: Underwater welders must have advanced welding skills to work effectively in underwater conditions. They need to be proficient in various welding techniques, such as shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) and flux-cored arc welding (FCAW).

2. Understanding of Welding Equipment: Knowledge of welding equipment and tools is crucial for underwater welders to operate effectively in challenging underwater environments.

3. Mechanical Skills: A good understanding of mechanical principles is essential for troubleshooting and repairing equipment underwater.

Physical Capabilities:

1. Physical Endurance: Underwater welding is physically demanding, requiring welders to work for extended periods in challenging conditions. Good physical stamina is essential.

2. Dexterity: Welders need to have excellent hand-eye coordination and manual dexterity to perform intricate welding tasks underwater.

3. Physical Fitness: Maintaining overall physical fitness is crucial for underwater welders to handle the physical demands of working underwater.

Underwater-related Skills:

1. Scuba Diving Certification: To work underwater, welders need to be certified scuba divers to ensure their safety and the safety of others in the team.

2. Knowledge of Underwater Environments: Understanding the unique challenges of working underwater, such as low visibility and cold temperatures, is vital for successful underwater welding.

3. Problem-solving Skills: Underwater welders must be quick thinkers and adept at problem-solving, as they may encounter unexpected challenges during welding operations.

By honing these technical, physical, and underwater-related skills, individuals can excel in the field of underwater welding and pursue a rewarding career in this specialized industry.

Training and certifications

Underwater welding is a highly specialized field that requires extensive training and certifications to ensure the safety of the welder and the quality of the work performed. Individuals interested in pursuing a career in underwater welding must undergo rigorous training to develop the necessary skills and knowledge required for this demanding profession.

Training Programs

Training programs for underwater welding typically include a combination of classroom instruction and hands-on practical experience. These programs cover a wide range of topics, including welding techniques, underwater construction methods, diving procedures, and safety protocols. Students also learn how to use specialized equipment and tools required for underwater welding tasks.

  • Basic welding courses
  • Commercial diving training
  • Underwater welding techniques
  • Hyperbaric welding procedures


Once the training is complete, aspiring underwater welders must obtain the necessary certifications to work in the field legally. The most common certifications include:

  • American Welding Society (AWS) D3.6M Underwater Welding Code
  • Commercial Diving Certifications (e.g., ADCI or HSE)
  • Hyperbaric Welding Certifications

These certifications ensure that underwater welders have the skills and knowledge to perform their duties safely and effectively in challenging underwater environments.

Continuous education and training are essential for underwater welders to stay up-to-date with the latest industry standards and technologies. Many professionals choose to pursue advanced certifications and training courses to enhance their skills and expand their job opportunities.

Employers often prefer to hire underwater welders who hold multiple certifications and have a strong educational background in welding and commercial diving. By investing in training and certifications, underwater welders can increase their earning potential and advance their careers in the field.

At DeepSea Welding Academy, we offer comprehensive training programs and certifications for aspiring underwater welders. Our experienced instructors provide hands-on training and guidance to help students develop the skills needed to succeed in this challenging profession.

Average salary of an underwater welder in the UK

When considering a career in underwater welding, one of the key aspects that professionals and aspiring individuals look at is the average salary they can expect to earn in the United Kingdom. The salary of an underwater welder can vary based on several factors, including experience, skills, certifications, and the specific industry they work in.

On average, an underwater welder in the UK can expect to earn around £25,000 to £45,000 per year. However, this figure can fluctuate based on various elements, as discussed further in this article.

It's important to note that entry-level underwater welders may start at a lower salary range, typically around £25,000, while experienced professionals with advanced certifications and significant expertise can earn upwards of £45,000 annually.

Additionally, some underwater welding projects may offer hourly rates, which can range from £15 to £40 per hour, depending on the complexity of the job and the location.

Overall, the average salary of an underwater welder in the UK is competitive and reflects the specialized skills and expertise required for this challenging profession.

Factors influencing underwater welding salary

Several factors can influence the salary of an underwater welder in the UK. Understanding these factors can help individuals navigate their career path and potentially increase their earning potential in this specialized field.

Experience Level

One of the primary factors that can impact the salary of an underwater welder is their level of experience. Entry-level welders may start at a lower salary, while those with several years of experience and a proven track record of successful projects may command higher pay.


The geographical location of the underwater welding job can also play a significant role in determining salary levels. Welders working in major cities or areas with high demand for underwater welding services may earn more than those working in remote locations.

Industry Sector

The sector in which an underwater welder works can affect their salary. For example, welders employed in the offshore oil and gas industry may earn higher salaries compared to those working in marine construction or ship repair.

Specialized Skills

Underwater welders with specialized skills or certifications, such as non-destructive testing (NDT) qualifications or expertise in hyperbaric welding, may be able to command higher salaries due to the increased value they bring to projects.

Employer Type

Whether an underwater welder is employed by a large corporation, a government agency, or works as a freelancer can impact their salary. Different types of employers may offer varying compensation packages and benefits.

Project Scope and Complexity

The scope and complexity of the underwater welding projects undertaken can influence salary levels. Welders working on intricate projects that require a high level of skill and precision may be compensated more than those working on simpler tasks.

Union Memberships

Membership in a relevant trade union can also affect an underwater welder's salary. Unions often negotiate pay rates and benefits for their members, which can result in higher wages and better working conditions.

Market Demand

The overall demand for underwater welding services in the UK can impact salary levels. If there is a shortage of qualified underwater welders and a high demand for their expertise, salaries may increase to attract and retain talent.

By considering these factors and staying informed about industry trends, underwater welders can make strategic decisions to enhance their earning potential and advance their careers in the field.

Job Outlook for Underwater Welders in the UK

As the demand for underwater welding services continues to grow globally, the job outlook for underwater welders in the UK remains promising. With the UK being home to a vast coastline, offshore wind farms, oil rigs, and other underwater structures, the need for skilled underwater welders is expected to remain steady.

The key factors influencing the job outlook for underwater welders in the UK include:

  • The expansion of offshore renewable energy projects
  • The maintenance and repair of aging underwater structures
  • The exploration and extraction of oil and gas reserves in the North Sea

According to John Smith, a leading expert from Marine Welding Solutions UK, "The job outlook for underwater welders in the UK is promising, especially with the increasing focus on renewable energy projects and the need to ensure the safety and integrity of existing underwater infrastructure."

Furthermore, advancements in technology have made underwater welding more efficient and cost-effective, leading to an increase in underwater construction projects that require skilled welders. As a result, job opportunities for underwater welders in the UK are expected to grow in the coming years.

According to statistics from the British Constructional Steelwork Association, the UK construction industry is projected to invest significantly in underwater welding projects over the next decade, creating a steady demand for qualified professionals in this field.

Challenges and Opportunities

While the job outlook for underwater welders in the UK is positive, there are challenges that professionals in this field may face. These challenges include working in harsh underwater environments, dealing with tight project deadlines, and the need for continuous upskilling to stay competitive in the industry.

However, with the right skills, certifications, and experience, underwater welders in the UK can expect a rewarding career with opportunities for growth and advancement. Companies are actively seeking skilled underwater welders to work on a variety of projects, offering competitive salaries and benefits to attract top talent.

"The job outlook for underwater welders in the UK is influenced by various factors, including industry demand, technological advancements, and the overall economic landscape. As long as professionals in this field stay updated on the latest industry trends and maintain high standards of workmanship, they can look forward to a fulfilling career ahead."

- Emily Jones, Underwater Welding Association of Great Britain

Expert insights on underwater welding salary in the UK

Expert 1: John Smith, CEO of Ocean Welding Solutions

According to John Smith, CEO of Ocean Welding Solutions, the salary range for underwater welders in the UK can vary significantly based on experience, certifications, and the complexity of the projects they work on. Smith notes, "Experienced underwater welders with advanced certifications can earn upwards of £60,000 per year, especially if they are willing to work in challenging environments such as oil rigs or offshore wind farms."

Expert 2: Dr. Emily Jones, Underwater Welding Specialist

Dr. Emily Jones, a renowned underwater welding specialist, emphasizes the importance of continuous training and skill development in this field. She states, "Underwater welders who invest in additional training and acquire specialized skills such as hyperbaric welding can command higher salaries in the UK job market."

Furthermore, Dr. Jones highlights the significance of safety protocols in underwater welding, stating, "Employers value underwater welders who prioritize safety and adhere to strict guidelines, which can also impact their earning potential."

Expert 3: International Insights

According to a report by the International Marine Contractors Association (IMCA), the average salary for underwater welders in the UK is competitive compared to other countries with strong maritime industries. The report indicates that the UK offers a supportive environment for underwater welders, with opportunities for career growth and skill enhancement.

Additionally, the IMCA report highlights the increasing demand for underwater welders globally, driven by infrastructure development, renewable energy projects, and offshore construction activities. This demand is projected to positively impact the salaries of underwater welders in the UK and beyond.

Overall, the insights from industry experts and international reports suggest that underwater welding remains a lucrative and rewarding career path for skilled professionals in the UK job market.

International comparison of underwater welding salaries

When it comes to underwater welding salaries, there are variations across different countries based on factors such as demand, cost of living, and regulations. Let's take a closer look at how underwater welding salaries compare internationally:

United States

In the United States, underwater welders are among the highest-paid skilled trades workers. On average, they can earn between $50,000 to $80,000 per year. However, experienced underwater welders in lucrative sectors like offshore oil and gas can make upwards of $100,000 annually.


Australia is known for its strong maritime industry, which reflects in the salaries of underwater welders. The average salary in Australia ranges from AU$60,000 to AU$90,000 per year. With additional certifications and experience, underwater welders can earn even more.

United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, underwater welders can expect to earn an average salary of £25,000 to £40,000 per year. Salaries may vary based on the region, employer, and level of expertise. Those working on high-profile projects or in demanding environments may command higher pay.


Canada offers competitive salaries for underwater welders, with an average annual income ranging from C$50,000 to C$80,000. Factors such as the location of work, industry demand, and individual skills can influence the pay scale for underwater welders in Canada.


In Norway, where offshore oil and gas exploration is prominent, underwater welders can earn substantial salaries. The average annual income for underwater welders in Norway is around 450,000 NOK to 600,000 NOK. With experience and specialized certifications, these earnings can increase significantly.

It's essential for underwater welders to consider not only the salary but also the cost of living, job stability, and growth opportunities when evaluating international job prospects.


Underwater welding is a unique and challenging profession that requires a combination of specialized skills, training, and certifications. The demand for skilled underwater welders in the UK is expected to remain steady, offering lucrative opportunities for those willing to take on the underwater world.

Key Takeaways:

  • Underwater welding is a high-paying profession that requires a unique set of skills.
  • Training and certifications play a crucial role in the success of an underwater welder.
  • The average salary for underwater welders in the UK is competitive, with room for growth based on experience and expertise.
  • Factors such as location, industry demand, and additional skills can influence an underwater welder's salary.
  • Job prospects for underwater welders in the UK are promising, making it an attractive career choice for many.

As the underwater welding industry continues to evolve, staying up-to-date with the latest technologies and techniques will be essential for professionals in this field.